Feb , 2023, Volume : 4 Article : 3
Millets for Food and Nutritional Security
Author : Ashish Rai, Jitendra Rajput, Arvind Kumar Singh, Satish Kumar Singh, Sumit Rai and Anirudh T V
Millets are a group of small-seeded cereal grains that are highly nutritious and drought-tolerant. They have been traditionally grown and consumed in many parts of the world, particularly in Asia and Africa. However, in recent years, there has been a decline in millet cultivation and consumption due to the shift towards more profitable and higher-yielding crops. This shift has led to a decrease in food and nutritional security for many communities that rely on millets for their livelihoods and food security. This paper aims to highlight the importance of millets for food and nutritional security and the potential benefits of promoting their cultivation and consumption. It will discuss the nutritional properties of millets, and their role in improving food security and reducing poverty. Additionally, the paper will also discuss the challenges and opportunities in promoting millet cultivation and consumption, and the need for policies and interventions to support the sustainable development of the millet sector. Millets are rich source of protein, fibre, micronutrients and vitamins besides energy and can contribute to the alleviation of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and protein malnutrition affecting women and preschool children. Proso Millets are known for drought tolerance and grown well in where soil, climate and other conditions are less favourable. The potential of millets is not yet exploited properly in India.
Keywords: Millets, Food, Nutrition, Health
Millets for Food and Nutritional Security_compressed.pdf