Jan , 2023, Volume : 4 Article : 6
Food adulteration: High throughput detection techniques and the impact on human health
Author : Mamta, Himanshu Gilhotra and Debashis Paul
Food is one of the basic needs for sustainability of a living being. Since last few years, people have become more conscious about their food choices to pursue a healthy lifestyle and meet their nutritional demands but a large group of people still look for only taste in their consumable items. To fulfil the people`s expectations along with maintaining their profits in this era of high competition among food industries, food is being adulterated by debasing its quality. Food adulteration is done by addition of harmful substances or by reducing the essential components, compromises health at high risk. Many rules and regulations have beenset up at world as well as national level to combat this problem but due to the complexity and wide network of food chain and its manufacturing it is still one of the biggest challenges to accomplish. In 21st century, various new technologies have been developed and used to detect the adulteration and the proper composition of food products through both quantitative as well as qualitative analysis. This article is aimed to summarize a brief scenario on the high throughput techniques by which detection of food adulteration may be done and its impact on human health in the recent times.
Keywords: Food adulteration, Human health, Chromatography
Abbas, O., Zadravec, M., Baeten, V., Mikus, T., Lesic, T., Vulic, A., Prpic,Jemersic, L. & Pleadin, J. (2018). Analytical methods used for the authentication of food of animal origin. Food Chem. 246, 6-17.
Adade, S. Y. S. S., Lin, H., Jiang, H., Haruna, S. A., Barimah, A. O., Zareef, M., & Chen, Q. (2022). Fraud detection in crude palm oil using SERS combined with chemometrics. Food Chemistry, 388, 132973.
Anonymous (2015). https://www.firstpost.com/business/fssai-orders-recall-of-all-9-variants-of-maggi-noodles-from-india-2281400.html
Aprilia, P., Ummami, R., Airin, C. M., Aziz, F., & Astuti, P. (2022). Comparison of ELISA and PCR Assays for Detection of Pork Adulteration in Halal-Labelled Beef Products. Journal of food quality and hazards control, 9(2), 112-117.
Borras, E., Ferre., Boque, R., Mestres, M., Acena, L. & Busto, O. (2015). Data fusion methodologies for food and beverage authentication and quality assessment—A review. Analytica Chimica Acta, 891, 1-14.
Breeton, R.G. (2003). Chemometrics data analysis for the laboratory and chemical plant. In: Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Balckwell.
Everstine, K., Spink, J. & Kennedy, S. (2013). Economically motivated adulteration (EMA) of food: Common characteristics of EMA incidents. Journal of Food Protection, 76(4), 723-735. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-12-399.ealth Perspectives 110(5), 457-464.
Gelpi, E., Posada de la Paz, M., Terracini, B., Abaitua, I., Gomez de la Camara, A., Kilbourne, E.M., Lahoz, C, Nemery, B., Philen, R.M., Soldevilla, L. &Tarkowski, S. (2002). The Spanish toxic oil syndrome 20 years after its onset: A multidisciplinary review of scientific knowledge. Environmental Health Perspectives, 110(5), 457-464.
George, Timothy S. (2002). Minamata: Pollution and the Struggle for Democracy in Postwar Japan. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Asia Center.
Giuliani, A.P., Lorenzoni, G. &Visentin, M. (2015). New wines in new bottles: The `renaissance` of the Italian wine industry. Industry and Innovation 22(8),729-752.
Gorska R. M. (2019). Methods for assessment of vitamin K. In: Harrington, D. (ed.). Laboratory Assessment of Vitamin Status, Cambridge, MA, USA: Academic Press.
Hong, E, Lee, S.Y., Jeong, J.Y, Park, J.M., Kim, B.H., Kwon, K. & Chun, H. S. (2017). Modern analytical methods for the detection of food fraud and adulteration by food category. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97(12), 3877-3896.
Khan M. K. (2013). Food Adulteration and its Effect on Health. Community Based Medical Journal, 2(2): 1-3
Kralik, P. & Ricchi, M. (2017). A basic guide to real time PCR in microbial diagnostics: Definitions, parameters, and everything. Frontiers in Microbiology, 8, 108.
Kulakovskaya, E. & Kulakovskaya, T. (2014). Methods for studying yeast extracellular glycolipids. In: Kulakovskaya, E. and Kulakovskaya, T. (eds.). Extracellular Glycolipids of Yeasts: Biodiversity, Biochemistry and Prospects, Cambridge, MA, USA: Academic Press.
Lowe, K. & McLaughlin, E. (2015). ‘Caution! The Bread is Poisoned’: The Hong Kong Mass Poisoning of January 1857. The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 43(2), pp. 189-209. Monk, D.J. and Walt, D.R. (2004). Optical fiber-based biosensors. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 379 (7), 931-945.
Mahfuz, M. (2014). Baro hat bidhi-nishedhtero hat vejal, The Daily Amader Shomoy, 2 July 2014. http://www.dainikamadershomoy.com/
Popleka P, Popelka R, Horska, D., Golian, J. &Marcincak, S. (2002). Detection of sheep milk and cheeses adulteration using enzyme immunoanalysis (ELISA). Slovak Veterinary Journal, 27(3), 36-37.
Pramanik, P., Krishnan, P., Maity, A., Mridha, N., Mukherjee, A., & Rai, V. (2020). Application of nanotechnology in agriculture. Environmental Nanotechnology Volume 4, 317-348.
R.M. (2019). Methods for assessment of vitamin K. In: Harrington, D. (eds.). Laboratory Assessment of Vitamin Status, Cambridge, MA, USA: Academic Press.
Reid, L.M., O`Donnell, C.P. & Downey, G. (2006). Recent technological advances for the determination of food authenticity. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 17(7), 344-353.
Rifna, E. J., Pandiselvam, R., Kothakota, A., Rao, K. S., Dwivedi, M., Kumar, M., & Ramesh, S. V. (2022). Advanced process analytical tools for identification of adulterants in edible oils–A review. Food Chemistry, 369, 130898.
Roy, M., Doddappa, M., Yadav, B. K., & Shanmugasundaram, S. (2022). A novel technique for detection of vanaspati (hydrogenated fat) in cow ghee (clarified butter fat) using flash gas chromatography electronic nose combined with chemometrics. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, e16667.
Seneca. (2007). Alkaloid chemistry. In: Aniszewski, T. (ed.). Alkaloids Secrets of Life: Aklaloid Chemistry, Biological Significance, Applications and Ecological Role.
Singh, N.P., Anuradha,S., Dhanwal, D.K., Singh, K., Prakash, A., Madan, K. & Agarwal, S.K. (2000) "Epidemic dropsy- a clinical study of Delhi outbreak", Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 42 (1), 56-8.
Stagner, W.C., Gaddam, S., Parmar, R. & Ghanta, A.K. (2019). Sucrose octaacetate. In: Brittain, H.G. (ed.). Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients and Related Methodology.
The Daily Observer, 22 June 2014. Enforce existing laws against food adulteration. http://observerbd.com/details.php?id= 27183.
The Daily Star, 1 November 2009. Trader fined for selling fish treated with formalin. http://archive.thedailystar.net/new Design/news-details.php?nid=103948.
Yang, F., Wang, C., Yu, H., Guo, Y., Cheng, Y., Yao, W., & Xie, Y. (2022). Establishment of the thin-layer chromatography-surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and chemometrics method for simultaneous identification of eleven illegal drugs in anti-rheumatic health food. Food Bioscience, 49, 101842.
Download the full article
Food adulteration High throughput detection techniques and the impact on human health_compressed.pdf