Jan , 2023, Volume : 4 Article : 4

Crop diversification with fodder crops for resilient agriculture: An Indian perspective

Author : Priyanka Saha, Plabani Roy, Anamika Barman


Livestock rearing is the backbone of Indian agro-ecosystem, constituting about 20% of world’s livestock population. Many small and marginal farmers adopt animal husbandry as their main occupation in rain-fed areas of the country. But, growing food demand has put a great pressure for food grain production that leads to a limited space for growing fodder crops to sustain the livestock population. On the other hand, traditional rice-wheat cropping system has deteriorated soil health coupled with an issue of sustainability. In that case, it would be a great opportunity to include fodder crops in a cropping system, which not only will increase fodder production and income generation, but also diversify the conventional rice-wheat cropping system.

Keywords: Crop diversification, Cropping system, Fodder crops, Livestock



Behera, U. K., Sharma, A. R., & Mahapatra, I. C. (2007). Crop diversification for efficient resource management in India: problems, prospects and policy. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 30(3), 97-127.

UESCAP. (2009). Sustainable agriculture and food security in Asia and the Pacific. United Nations.

Gill, A.S. and Ajit. 2005.  Performance  of  fodder  cowpea  in  the  inter  spaces  of  mango  varieties. Forage Res. 31: 147-149

Hindoriya, P. S., Meena, R. K., Singh, M., Kumar, R., Ram, H., Meena, V. K., & Kushwaha, M. (2019). Evaluation of kharif forage crops for biomass production and nutritional parameters in Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 36(1), 25-29.

IGFRI Vision 2050. Indian grassland and fodder research institute (pp. 7– 23). Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, India.

Jha, S. K., & Tiwari, N. I. T. I. S. H. (2018). Evaluation of intensive fodder cropping systems for round the year green fodder production in Chhattisgarh. Forage Res, 44(2), 115-118.

Kumar, R., Singh, M., Meena, B. S., Ram, H., Parihar, C. M., Kumar, S.,… & Meena, V. K. (2017). Zinc management effects on quality and nutrient yield of fodder maize (Zea mays). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 87(8), 1013-17.

Kumar, S., Kiran Kumar, T., Singh, J. B., Prasad, M., & Ghosh, P. K. (2021). Effect of Food-fodder Farming on Sustainable Resources Use and Carbon Dynamics in Rainfed Semi-arid Tropics of India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 52(18), 2177-2190.

Lakshmi, S., George, A., Pillai, G. R., & Rao, T. N. (2007). Nutrient needs of coconut-based fodder production systems in homesteads of Kerala. Better Crops International, 91, 28-29.

Meena, L. R., Mann, J. S., & Meena, R. K. (2011). Performance evaluation of cowpea and Cenchrus setigerus intercropping and nitrogen supplementation through organic and inorganic sources in Aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) based horti-pasture system. Range Management and Agroforestry, 32(1), 33-39.

Mukherjee, A., Mondal, T., Bisht, J. K., & Pattanayak, A. (2018). Farmers’ preference of fodder trees in mid hills of Uttarakhand: a comprehensive ranking using analytical hierarchy process. Range Management and Agroforestry, 39(1), 115-120.

Reshma, M.R.  2017. Nutrient budgeting in rice-based farming system.  M.Sc.  (Ag)  thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, 130p.

Roy, A. K., Agrawal, R. K., Bhardwaj, N. R., Mishra, A. K., & Mahanta, S. K. (2019). Revisiting national forage demand and availability scenario. Indian fodder scenario: Redefining state wise status. ICAR-AICRP on Forage Crops and Utilization, Jhansi, India, 1-21.

Sadanandan, A. K. (1974). Raise intercrops in arecanut plantations for higher returns. Arecanut & spices bulletin.

Shekara, B. G., Lohithaswa, H. C., Chikkarugi, N. M., & Manasa, N. (2015). Fodder production potential of maize grown for baby corn and green cob in different cropping systems. Forage Res, 41, 92-94.

Thomas, U.C.,  Abraham,  M.,  and  Sharu,  S.R.  2013.Banana  based  fodder  intercropping  in  the homesteads  of  kerala.  Proceedings  of  the  Twenty-fifth  Kerala  Science  Congress,  29-31 January2013, Thiruvananthapuram. Techno- park, pp.312-314.

Venkateswarlu, B., & Prasad, J. V. N. S. (2012). Carrying capacity of Indian agriculture: issues related to rainfed agriculture. Current Science, 882-888.


Download the full article below


  1. N/A