Dec , 2022, Volume : 3 Article : 9

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF): A Potential Friend of Crop Plants to Deal with Salinity

Author : Varsha Kundu



Over the years, systematic breeding efforts have led to the development of a large number of improved varieties in different crops. However, current research has been focused on examining potential plant-microbe interactions in alleviating salt stress in plants in addition to developing crops for salt tolerance. It is now well-established that arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis reduces the impact of salt stress on plants by boosting plant biomass, photosynthetic activity, water potential, and selective nutrient intake under salinity stress conditions. Additionally, by modulating the Na+ to K+ ratio, and enhancing antioxidant defense mechanisms in response to salinity, it can lessen the negative effects of salt stress and promote salt tolerance in agricultural plants. So, under these conditions, tolerant AMF species can be employed as bio inoculants to increase agricultural production. This article summarises the current understanding of the role of AM symbiosis in reducing salt stress in crop plants, which now appears to be a potential method to increase yield in salt-stressed soil.


Keywords: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Plant Growth, Salinity tolerance, Salinity stress

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